The US Government has issued National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to get humanity to Mars by 2033.
The US chambers of Congress has passed the NASA Authorization Act of 2017. With this transformative development, the space agency got a lot more than just $19.508 billion in funding. The Congress also give the agency a clear mandate to get humanity to Mars.
For quite some time, the works for Mars settlement has been on work.
However, the 2017 Act places a strong emphasis on this goal, making it the focal point of NASA’s long-term plans.
In the said measure, congress asserts that the space agency is to get humans “near or on the surface of Mars in the 2030s.”
The bill from the administration is not expected, so it’s more than likely to be passed into law by the presidency.
It can be remembered that SpaceX founder Elon Musk believe that there is a strong humanitarian argument for making life multiplanetary in order to safeguard the existence of humanity.
To make the Mars settlement in the 2030s, Congress is asking NASA to develop “an initial human exploration roadmap” that must be submitted before December 1, 2017.
Examining the new measure, the bill also outlines the necessity of this roadmap, stating: “It is the sense of Congress that expanding human presence beyond low-Earth orbit and advancing toward human missions to Mars in the 2030s requires early strategic planning and timely decisions to be made in the near-term on the necessary courses of action for commitments to achieve short-term and long-term goals and objectives.”
Meanwhile, the 2017 Act states that this plan should outline clear goals that are a bit closer to home, instead of just making a grand leap to the Red Planet all at once.
“A human exploration roadmap should begin with low-Earth orbit, then address in greater detail progress beyond low-Earth orbit to cis-lunar space, and then address future missions aimed at human arrival and activities near and then on the surface of Mars,” the document added.
Reacting to the NASA act, the agency already has a basic guideline: “The human exploration of Mars crosses three thresholds, each with increasing challenges as humans move farther from Earth: Earth Reliant [now until the mid-2020s], the Proving Ground [2018-2030], and Earth Independent [now to 2030s and beyond].”
The news covering missions to Mars was iniiated by private space companies, most notably, SpaceX and foreign space agencies — including China and the UAE.
According to SpaceX CEO Elon Musk, the company will create a permanent Martian settlement. To that end, Musk’s plan includes the launch of the unmanned “Red Dragon” spacecraft by 2018, then sending a new and reusable rocket by 2022 (which will be powered by the just recently tested Raptor rocket), and eventually launching humans to Mars after that—hopefully landing by 2025.
However, much of the details still need to be fleshed out.