The Swedish government has approved a legislation that implements measures to make the country carbon neutral by 2045.
The significant law is a major milestone in both Swedish history and global climate change policy.
Moreover, the neweet legislation was approved by a 254 to 41 majority (86 percent) and will take effect on January 1, 2018. The drafters of the proposal call it the “most important climate reform in Sweden’s history.”
Furthermore, the law is divided into three key areas:
☆A climate act that forces the government to provide an environment report every year and to draw up a targeted plan every four years, as well as compels it to base policy on the legislation’s climate goals.
☆Climate goals that include a minimum 63 percent decrease in emissions from 1990 levels by 2030 and at least a 75 percent decrease by 2040, as well as complete carbon neutrality by 2045.
☆The establishment of a Climate Policy Council that will carry out an “independent assessment of how the overall policy presented by the Government is compatible with the climate goals”
Talking about the global impact of the law, Sweden as part of the Paris Climate Agreement, it originally planned to be carbon neutral by 2050.
By staging this target forward by five years, it becomes the first nation to set a significantly higher standard for itself since the 2015 adoption of the agreement.
The legislation was welcomed by environmental group and they noted the law as historic and victory.
According to Climate Home, Gareth Redmond-King, the head of climate and energy at the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), the official said “today is an important victory, not only for Sweden, but for everyone who cares about the future of our environment.”
Talking about the country’s environmental pact and agreements,
Sweden’s signing of the Paris Climate Agreement meant that the country agreed to efforts to limit the global temperature increase to two degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit).
In order to meet that goal, 50 percent of the world’s energy must come from renewable sources by 2060, according to a study by the University of Maryland.
As of now, Sweden’s new legislation of becoming a completely carbon neutral nation by 2045 is taking that to the next level.
Currently, the “controversial” and yet the most famous environmetal pact Paris Agreement, which has now been ratified by 148 countries out of 197 at the convention, is a vital step toward saving the world that humans are on the path to destroying.
In the recent months, though, United States President Donald Trump’s decision to withdraw from the agreement earlier this year was met with acerbic criticism by domestic and international parties, if other countries strive to exceed rather than just meet the goals of the agreement — as Sweden, the United Kingdom and China have all done — the cumulative effect could help alleviate the burden caused by the U.S.’s decision.